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The Many Types of Cancer

What is cancer? Simply put, it is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in your body. These abnormal cells crowd your normal cells, making it difficult for your body to function as it should. Eventually, those abnormal cells can form into big masses, called tumors.

The Many Types of Cancer

What is cancer? Simply put, it is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in your body. These abnormal cells crowd your normal cells, making it difficult for your body to function as it should. Eventually, those abnormal cells can form into big masses, called tumors.

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Tumors: Benign vs. Malignant

The word “cancer” refers to malignant tumors. Other tumors are non-cancerous, or benign. As the more dangerous of the two tumor types, malignant tumors multiply before penetrating and harming your body’s tissues, leading to serious health issues and possibly death. Receiving regular medical checkups is incredibly important, so that pre-cancerous conditions or potential malignancies can be spotted and treated as early as possible.

Unlike malignant tumors, benign tumors will not invade neighboring tissues, but they also can grow in size and cause health problems. Eventually, a benign tumor may press against vital structures in your body, including your nerves and blood vessels. In these cases, benign tumors will require treatment.

Types of Cancer

Each type of cancer merits a different form of treatment. Depending on the type you have, the oncologists at Regional Cancer Care Associates will recommend the most effective plan for you. But for all patients, our goal is to prevent the spread of cancer and to effectively treat the cancer wherever it currently is located..

Our staff is expert in treating a wide range of cancer types, including:

Bladder Cancer

This type of cancer most often develops in older adults, occurring in the hollow organ that stores urine in the pelvis.

Brain Cancer

The brain contains several different types of cells. Brain cancers are divided into types based on which type of brain cell is affected

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers that affect women and can develop into a hard lump in any part of the breast tissue.

Cervical Cancer

The cervix is the tissue that connects the uterus and vagina. Cervical cancer is often caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infections.

Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is one of the most common cancers found in both men and women and occurs in the large intestine, which helps digest food.

Esophageal Cancer

The esophagus is the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Esophageal cancer occurs more often in men than in women.

Fallopian Tube Cancer

This type of cancer is specific to women and occurs in the fallopian tubes, which carry egg cells from the ovaries to the uterus.

Head & Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancers develop in the throat, mouth, lips, sinuses, or nose. Most cases are caused by tobacco, alcohol, or infection with HPV.

Kidney Cancer

The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that remove waste and extra water and produce urine. Kidney cancer primarily affects older adults.


Cancer that develops in blood cells is called leukemia. Unlike most other types of cancer, leukemia does not result in solid tumors.

Liver Cancer

The liver is an organ that helps digest food and get rid of toxins. Certain diseases, infections, or alcohol use may cause liver cancer.

Lung Cancer

There are a few different types of lung cancer, each of which may be treated differently. Smoking is a major risk factor for developing lung cancer.


Lymphoma is a type of cancer that develops in lymph nodes or lymphatic organs of the lymphatic system, which helps the body fight infections and remove waste.


This cancer develops in the thin tissue that lines the lungs, heart, chest, and abdomen. Most mesothelioma cases are caused by asbestos exposure.

Neuroendocrine Tumors

Within the body’s neuroendocrine system are specialized cells, which share characteristics with nerve cells and the endocrine cells that produce hormones.

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer includes tumors that grow in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or peritoneum, which lines the abdomen.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer seen in men and occurs in the gland that produces semen.

Rectal Cancer

The rectum is the lower part of your large intestine. Rectal cancer is often grouped with colon cancer and referred to as colorectal cancer.


When a tumor forms in the connective tissues of the body, it is classified as sarcoma. Sarcoma affects the bones, muscles, veins, nerves, and other tissues.

Skin Cancer

There are several different types of skin cancer, which may be treated through different methods. Sun exposure is a major risk factor for skin cancer.

Small Cell Carcinoma

Small cell carcinoma is one of the most aggressive forms of lung cancer. It represents 13% of all lung cancers.

Stomach Cancer

Several different types of cancer can occur in the stomach. Risk factors for stomach cancer include smoking, infections, or a poor diet.

Testicular Cancer

Testicles are glands that produce sperm cells. Testicular cancer may lead to a hardened lump or enlarged testicle

Thyroid Cancer

The thyroid is a gland that sits at the base of the neck and is responsible for making certain hormones. Thyroid cancer is more common in women.

Transitional Cell Carcinoma

Transitional cell carcinoma affects the transitional cells of the urinary system and accounts for an overwhelming majority of bladder cancer diagnoses.

Uterine Cancer

Uterine cancer, also called endometrial cancer, is the most common gynecological cancer. Risk of uterine cancer increases with age.


RCCA offers cutting-edge treatment options for every type of cancer. Our expert care teams can match you with the treatment plan that fits your needs. LEARN MORE

Improve your quality of life and learn to manage life with cancer through our integrative services. We offer several solutions to support and promote physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual health. LEARN MORE

The field of cancer treatment is constantly improving and evolving. RCCA conducts hundreds of clinical trials that can help develop new therapies and treatment plans. LEARN MORE

Contact RCCA Now

For more information, or to schedule an appointment, call (844) 346-7222. You can also schedule an appointment by calling the RCCA location nearest you.

Regional Cancer Care Associates is one of fewer than 200 medical practices in the country selected to participate in the Oncology Care Model (OCM); a recent Medicare initiative aimed at improving care coordination and access to and quality of care for Medicare beneficiaries undergoing chemotherapy treatment.